What measures must a school take to ensure safety?
Schools are critical in instilling discipline and ensuring safety, thus the emphasis on Codes of Conduct for Learners at all public schools.
Schools are therefore directly responsible for providing an environment conducive to the delivery of quality teaching and learning by, among other things, promoting the rights and safety of all learners, teachers and parentsA National School Safety Framework has been developed to serve as a management tool for Provincial and District Officials responsible for school safety, principals, Senior Management Team Members, SGB members, teachers and learners to identify and manage risk and threats of violence in and around schools. The Framework is critical in empowering all responsible officials in understanding their responsibilities regarding school safety.
The safety of school is indeed a complicated issue:
Safety around school premises is very important. Many casualties have been reported when tree branches fall off, or stray dogs attack students. School authorities should initiate necessary action for keeping the environment and students safe. In a deep view sexual harrassment and violence affect learning environment nagetively creating an atmosphere of fear and aggression.
It affects children, teachers, administrators, and parents in a variety of ways, from the quality of learning to the risk of lawsuits. But it is also everyone’s responsibility, and schools should remind stakeholders of their respective roles in promoting school safety and security.
So where should a school start?
Below is a list of ideas that schools in Africa have implemented successfully to improve their safety and security measures:
- Limit entryways to school buildings. Clearly mark the main entry to the school and post signs on other entries redirecting visitors to the main entry. Lock outside access doors. Check periodically to make sure the doors haven’t been tampered with or propped open. The periodic inspections should include windows too.
- Monitor the school parking lot. If possible, have a parking lot monitor who oversees people entering and leaving the campus.
- Monitor and supervise student common areas such as hallways, cafeterias, and playgrounds. If possible, add video surveillance in these areas to record anything a monitoring person may miss.
- Promote school-community partnerships to enhance safety measures for students beyond school property (police surveillance, Neighborhood Watch programs). There are willing community organizations that can help.
- Consider the presence of school resource officers, local police, and/or security guards.
- Monitor school visitors. Require that visitors report to the main office, sign in, and wear visitor badges. All staff should be trained to report strangers not wearing a visitor badge to the school office.
- Provide threat-assessment and risk-assessment procedures and teams for conducting them.
- Develop/update your school’s crisis plan and preparedness training. School emergency plans should include preparedness procedures such as lockdowns, evacuations, parent-student reunification procedures, and emergency communications protocols. These should be shared with parents and the media. Building-level teams should regularly review plans, hold simulation drills, and train staff in how to respond to students’ questions.
- Create a safe, supportive school climate that provides school-wide behavioral expectations, caring school climate programs, positive interventions and supports, psychological and counseling services, and violence prevention programs..
- Encourage students to take responsibility for their part in maintaining safe school environments. Reward students who take the initiative to help keep schools safe..
- Provide students with access to anonymous reporting systems (student hot lines, “suggestion” boxes, “tell an adult” campaigns). Young people sometimes have a difficult time speaking up if they see or hear something that may compromise school security. Allow them the means to communicate without the embarrassment of being labeled a “tattle tale”.
- Institute strict procedures for key control. Assign the responsibility for locking and unlocking the school to as few individuals as possible. Number the keys in existence and document who has which school keys.
- Keep unoccupied rooms and spaces locked when not in use.
- Ensure that all classrooms, including portable and temporary classrooms, have two-way communication with the office.