Historically, almost all vocational education took place in the classroom or on the job site, with students learning trade skills and trade theory from accredited professors or established professionals. However, in recent years, online vocational education has grown in popularity, making learning various trade skills and soft skills from established professionals easier than ever for students, even those who may live far away from a traditional vocational school
Vocational education is educationthat prepares people to work as a Technician or in various jobs such as a tradesman or an artisan. Vocational education is sometimes referred to as career and technical education. A Vocational school is a type of educational institution specifically designed to provide vocational education.<Save 30% with Code BEWELLdiv>
Technology in Education This involves the ise of equipment (hardware) like overhead projector, slide projector, opaque projector, film projector, television, video, radio e.t.c
it involves the application of the theory and research results of the following areas to instruction and management.
I. Analysis of instructional aids
ii. Analysis of learning/teaching
iii. Organization of instrictional process
iv. Organization of educational process.
Vocational education can take place at the post-secondary, further education, or higher education level and can interact with the apprenticeship system. At the post-secondary level, vocational education is often provided by highly specialized trade schools, technical schools, community colleges, colleges of further education (UK), Univeraities, as well as institutes of technology (formerly called polytechnic institutes).
As earlier highlighted, the primary purpose of technology education is useful employment for adults and young who are preparing to enter occupations in agriculture, business, home-making, industrial and technical fields.
Technical and vocational education played a vital role in national development, especially in areas which include the following:
1. Generation of employment/creation of job opportunities:
Technical and vocational education helps to reduce the rate of drop outs or unemployment in the society. Technical/vocational education could be used to develope marketable skills in students/youths so that they can become easily employable. It makes an individual to become an asset to him and the nation and also prevent him from being a liability to the society.
2. Industrial development:
Technical and vocational education helps a nation develop technologically and industrially by producing people competent and capable of developing and utilizing technologies for industrial and economic development. It is a tool that can be used to develop and sustain the manpower needs of any nation.
3. Entrepreneurship strategy:
Technical and vocational education offers the beneficiary the ability to be self-reliant, to be job creators and employer’s of labour.
4. Poverty alleviation:
Many who are fortunate to graduate in a regular school system and excel in various fields of leaning fall back to the skills acquired in technical and vocational institutions in time of employment crisis. This has been proven right in recent time when workers of various categories were retrenched in both public and private sectors due to the deteriorating state of our economy. Such workers who possessed skills other than that for which they were previously employed had something else to fall back on and better off financially than those who had no other skills.
5. Promotion of the Economy:
It promotes the national economy through foreign exchange by exporting our products. The knowledge of technical and vocational education helps in the conversion of local raw materials, this reduces the importation of foreign goods which lessen our import dependency and encourage exportation of our local products.
6. Promotion of Culture and Value: Technical and vocational education helps to promote culture and cause us to value what we have.
Recognizing the fact that technical and vocational education is the bedrock of any national development. The
problems of this form of education should be address and see how vocational and technical education can be
maximized towards productivity and sustainable development in any country. It calls for re-branding of and
reposition of the technical and vocational business education programme to optimally utilize the human and material
resources. Nigeria is a country blessed with abundant human and natural resources for instance , the third
Nigeria economic summit (1996) report that the country has abundant human and mineral resources, good
geographic position, good climate and relatively free from disasters. What remains for Nigeria is to utilize
these resources effectively to produce goods and services require for general development through effective
technical and vocational education.